Vatican City: One Of The Most Historical, Beautiful, And Bustling Cities In The World

Vatican City is located in Rome’s very heart. It is the heart of Catholic life. It brings millions of pilgrims from all over the world, who appear every year to gather in prayer and ask the Pope’s blessing. The Vatican is the smallest self-governing state globally, with an expanse of less than half squared kilometers, most of it enclosed by the Vatican walls.

Indoors are the gardens and Vatican palace, St. Peter’s Square and St. Peter’s Basilica, and an area ruled by the Pope, supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church. The Vatican City was proclaimed independent from Italy on 11 February 1929, with the Lateran Treaty signing between Mussolini and Pope Pius XI. Vatican City is the smallest country in Europe. It has an entire area of 0,44 km², and inside its wall live about 1000 people.

Location

Vatican, Italy

Top attraction in Vatican City

In this small country lives the Pope, in the Apostolic palace decorated by beautiful gardens. The palace is open to the people, but visitants have to book in advance. A unique collection of architectural and artistic masterpieces lie within the bounds of this modest state. At its heart is St Peter’s Basilica, with its double colonnade and a round piazza in front and bordered by gardens and palaces.

The basilica, erected over St Peter the Apostle’s tomb, is the largest sacred building globally, the fruit of the combined intellect of Bramante, Michelangelo, Raphael, Bernini, and Maderno. Inside the Vatican, there are many interesting attractions to visit. Still, the best is the following: St. Peter’s Basilica, St. Peter’s Square, and the Vatican Museums, where is placed, Sistine Chapel.

St. Peter’s Square

St Peter’s Square is probably one of the world’s most breath-taking squares and one of the most famous. Designed by Bernini during the XVIIth century, it houses up to 300,000 people.

Sistine Chapel

The Sistine Chapel is one of the most glorious treasures of Vatican City, Rome, and the world. Regarding Michelangelo’s masterpiece, the Sistine Chapel is a jaw-dropping fascination you must see at least once in your lifetime.

St. Peter’s Basilica

St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the most sacred temples for Christendom and one of the biggest churches in the world. Besides, it is where the Pope leads many rituals all year round.

Vatican Museums

With up 6 million annual visitors, the Vatican Museums are among the most beloved attractions in Rome. Established by Pope Julius II during the XVIth century, it houses thousands of works of art.

History and more about Vatican City

Vatican City is the world’s smallest entirely self-governing nation-state. Its medieval and Renaissance forts form its boundaries except on the southeast at St. Peter’s Square. Of the six entries, only three, the Arco delle Campane in the facade of St. Peter’s Basilica, the entrance to the Vatican Galleries and Museums, and the piazza in the northern wall are accessible to the public. The most impressive building is St. Peter’s Basilica, constructed during the IVth century and reconstructed during the XVIth century. Built over the tomb of St. Peter the Apostle, it is the second-largest spiritual building in Christendom.

Illustration of Vatican City

The Vatican palace is the residency of the pope within the town walls. The Holy See is the title given to the Roman Catholic Church’s administration, led by the pope as Rome’s bishop. As such, the Holy See’s prestige extends over Catholics throughout the globe. Since 1929 it has lived in Vatican City, established as a self-governing state to permit the pope to practice his universal authority. Vatican City has its post office, gardens, telephone system, astronomical observatory, radio station, pharmacy, banking system, and a contingent of Swiss Guards qualified for the pope’s excellent safety since 1506.