Established during the IVth century in honor of John the Evangelist and St. John the Baptist, St. John Latera is the Cathedral of Rome and the most significant of the four important basilicas. It is recognized as St John Lateran Archbasilica. The Basilica of Saint John Lateran is the oldest in Europe. The Basilica of Saint John Lateran is among the most magnificent churches in Rome and is a must-see. Sculptors made the Apostles’ great statues that we can admire today in the borrominian niches of the late baroque at the beginning of 1700.
Price for combined ticket to visit The Basilica of Saint John Lateran
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Every day: 07:00 – 18:00
History and more about The Basilica of Saint John Lateran
In the fourth century, the Lateran family was displaced from their land. It was awarded to the Bishop of Rome to build the greatest Roman Basilica. Throughout the centenaries, St John Lateran has survived many fires and a quake in 897. But, it still has its first form even though it has been repaired several times. Near the Archbasilica, a cloister has disappeared; the only part still surviving is its lovely cloister from the XIIIth century. The Basilica of Saint John Lateran has played an essential role throughout history; it was here that all popes were enthroned up till 1870. Now, Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano is where the Pope, as Bishop of Rome, honors Holy Thursday Mass.
Inside the The Basilica of Saint John Lateran
The two-story entrance on the Basilica’s central façade was built during the XVIIIth centenary, and it is where the Pope honors the congregation on Holy Thursday. On the prime part of the façade, visitants will see impressive statues of the Apostles and Jesus, beginning from the XVIIIth century.
The Basilica’s interior is brilliant with colossal mosaics, frescoes, and statues from the ceiling to the ground, with majestic columns.
The central entries made of bronze were earlier used at the Roman Senate House within the Roman Forum.
The Holy Stairs are placed near the Lateran Basilica. These are famous because it is believed that Jesus Christ walked on them during His Passion. The Holy Stairs were relocated from Jerusalem to Rome by St Helena.