The Pantheon is one of the most majestic architectural and historical sites in the heart of Rome. Dated about the early second century AD, it is one of the best-preserved historic buildings and testifies Roman building techniques’ superiority. Its dome with its unique central hole, the “oculus,” is the greatest ever built in masonry. The Pantheon is one of Rome’s best attractions and is one of the Italian capital’s architectural masterpieces.
- Free entrance
- Monday – Saturday: 8:30am – 7:30pm
- Sunday: 9am – 6pm
Architecture and the Interior of Pantheon
The Pantheon was a Roman temple with a surprising oculus that is the building’s primary source of natural light; there are no windows beside it. The architecture most surprising aspect is its measurements: the circular building has precisely the same diameter as its height: 43.5 meters. The dome has the same diameter, is more significant than that of St. Peter’s Basilica. At its top, a 9-meter diameter opening allows natural light to illuminate the entire building.
In the Pantheon’s interior, the crypts of numerous Italian kings and a multitude of artworks are found. The best-known personality who can be found buried is, without doubt, the artist and architect Raphael of Renaissance.